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STRESS MANAGEMENT

What is stress management?

Stress management encompasses techniques intended to equip a person with effective coping mechanisms for dealing with psychological stress. As we mature, we develop coping mechanisms to deal with daily stress but for some individuals, stress can be psychologically draining which can affect their daily lives. Stress is a person's physiological response to an external stimulus that triggers the "fight-or-flight" reaction.Many things can trigger the stress reaction, including danger, threat, news, illness, as well as significant changes in one's life such as the death of a loved one. Stress management gives us the tools to deal with all types of stress which can cause negative affects to our health.

Pathophysiology:

Stress is a state of threatened homeostasis caused by intrinsic or extrinsic adverse forces and is counteracted by an intricate repertoire of physiologic and behavioral responses aiming to maintain/reestablish the optimal body equilibrium. Some people can gain or lose weight. Hyper tension and diabetes are also some of the health problems that can arise from stress. Because of stress, a lot of health issues can arise and it can be trivial problems such as pimples to extreme health issues such as cancer. Stress can also cause people to create bad habits such as smoking or drinking in order to cope with the stress which in turn can cause a lot of health and personal issues.

Symptoms:
  • Headaches
  • Very little to minimal energy
  • Upset stomach (diarrhea and nausea)
  • Aches, pains, and tense muscles
  • Chest pain and rapid heartbeat
  • Insomnia
  • Frequent colds
  • Loss of sexual desire and/or ability to perform
Types:
  • Acute StressStress is the most common form of stress and affects us for the shortest amount of time. It can be positive stress such as making us finish our projects under a deadline. Too much acute stress can be exhausting. Prolonging acute stress can cause irritability, anger, and anxiety.
  • Episodic Acute Stress emerges in people who live chaotic and stressful lives. These people are constantly experiencing acute stress. People with episodic acute stress are easily overwhelmed, short-tempered, and can become anxious. Sometimes the behaviors of the episodic acute stress become the norm and can become a part of the person’s personality.
  • Chronic Stress is long-term and can become debilitating stress. Chronic stress can come from trauma experienced during childhood. The person experiencing chronic stress views the world as threatening and sees no end to their stress or their miserable situation.
  • Causes:
  • Lack of social support
  • Career concern
  • Work overload
  • Interpersonal and intergroup conflict
  • Sickness

  • Diagnosis:

    A therapist or psychiatrist can help diagnose the type of stress the individual is experiencing. Talking to a therapist or psychiatrist will help figure out the root of the problem and the possible approaches of ridding the stress. Getting a life coach and doing stress management can help further resolve stress.

    Management:
  • Learning skills such as problem-solving, prioritization and time management

  • Enhancing your ability to cope with adversity.

  • Practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, yoga, meditation, etc.

  • Medication management

  • Anger management
  • 1. Counseling from a therapist or psychiatrist can help address stress issues
  • 2. Life coaching can help with diet, exercise that can help maintains stress